Current Issue Volume 2, Issue 1
“The Decline of Native Culture in America: Causes and Effects”
By Mark Wisniewski

On his earliest exposure to the Arawak people of the Caribbean, Christopher Columbus himself wrote, “They do not bear arms, and do not know them, for I showed them a sword, they took it by the edge and cut themselves out of ignorance. They have no iron. Their spears are made of cane. They would make fine servants. With fifty men we could subjugate them all and make them do whatever we want” (Columbus). The events that followed would prove that The Great Navigator had intentions beyond the altruistic and beyond discovery for its own sake. From the start, designs Read More »

“King James and the Era of the Witch Trials”
By Stephanie Winscher

“The fearful abounding at this time in this country, of these detestable slaves Of the Devil, the witches and enchanters, hath moved me (beloved reader) To dispatch in post, this following treatise of mine.” – King James, Daemonologie (Gutenberg 1). King James Stuart VI, king of Scotland in 1567, and also known as King James I of England and Ireland from 1603-1625, carried an exceptionally paranoid view of witches and witchcraft which affected his kingship and led to a massive execution crusade on persons accused of witchcraft. With this in mind, the following essay will discuss sixteenth and seventeenth-century witchcraft, Read More »

“Peaceful Societies”
By Brandy Frew

Most, if not all, societies have formal and informal methods for their citizenry to deal with conflict.  Some societies, however, have a significant enough of these constructs in place to encourage a peaceful and cooperative culture.  These societies have many similar qualities that allow them to reduce, or eliminate, the amount of conflict within their societies.  These include teaching children how to deal with conflict, the importance of conflict resolution, and the conflict resolution tools used by a society.  An examination of these qualities will show that the peaceful tendencies of a culture are a result of cultural constructs that Read More »

“When Death Corresponds to the Greater Good”
By Jamie Kouba

If a person is terminally ill or mortally injured, end of life or palliative care may be required to ease that patient’s suffering and make dying as comfortable as possible.  Some people are planners and think ahead.  These people might make a living will or advanced directive to state their wishes should they face a terminal illness or mortal injury.  According to the Mayo Clinic, “advance directives guide choices for doctors and caregivers if you're terminally ill, seriously injured, in a coma, in the late stages of dementia or near the end of life” (Mayo Clinic Staff).  Advanced directives can Read More »

“A Cinematic Critique of the Film Skyfall”
By Edward Lindenhofen

For over 50 years, James Bond fans have enjoyed the action-packed exploits of their favorite fictional British super-spy.  No other movie franchise in history has enjoyed such an epic lifespan.  First appearing in the espionage novel Casino Royale, penned by author Ian Fleming in 1953, James Bond’s 24 films continue to wow audiences through the tried-and-true formula of impossible gadgets, incredible locations and of course a bevy of beautiful “Bond Girls." Skyfall, an epic action-thriller directed by Sam Mendes, was the 23rd film in the EON Productions stable, and was released in 2012 on the fiftieth anniversary of the franchise.  The Read More »

“The Necessary Discomfort of Domestic Surveillance”
By Nicholas Clarkson

Fear and ignorance are brother and sister in a family of good intentions. When people end up consumed by these siblings, they always seem to ask for the same thing. In the case of domestic surveillance, the people cry for such clandestine programs to be shut down, while ignoring the larger picture. One would ask: do we lose sight because we choose to see only that portion of the picture that can be easily understood – the impact of such programs on our own lives - while ignoring the complex reality? Using the ethical theories of deontology and utilitarianism, I Read More »

Letter from the Editor

September 6, 2016 It is an honor to welcome you to the second issue of the Ashford Humanities Review (AHR).  The AHR offers Ashford University students the opportunity to present high quality, original, critical essays in the humanist disciplines in a peer-reviewed and edited publication. This issue features the work of six Ashford University students whose spirited essays tackle the wide-ranging topics of the decline of Native Cultures in America, King James' fear of witches, the Hutterite colonies as a model for peaceful societies, a cinematic critique of "Bond. James Bond," an ethical discussion of physician-assisted suicide, and the necessity of Read More »

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